Jane Pearson-Sharpe provided assistance with OPEN’s scoping review of sex/gender-based analysis in pharmacy research.
1. Both a person’s sex and the person’s gender (social structures, roles, culture) are important. They can affect the use and effectiveness of medication, the interactions between patients and pharmacists, health-related behaviours, the experience of illness, available social support, and other elements central to OPEN’s research.
2. The gender of pharmacists, patients and physicians is important for understanding their interactions, including prescribing and health-related behaviours such as adhering to treatment.
3. Gender roles and structures intersect with other dimensions — for example, race and ethnicity, age, immigration, Aboriginality, ability, rural and urban geography, and sexuality — to shape health-related experiences.
OPEN’s research is incorporating these elements into sex- and gender-based analyses in the following phases of projects and sub-projects.
1. Research design and methodology
All project teams have incorporated sex and gender considerations into literature reviews to understand their implications on data collection and analyses. This ensures that both the quantitative and qualitative data collected and the secondary data used support gender analyses, and include contextual information to help understand gender differences.
2. Data collection and analyses
In the analysis phase, project teams are supported by members of the GVP team to interpret gender or other differences and in understanding contextual factors surrounding them. This team includes researchers experienced in issues relevant to gender, race or ethnicity, age, ability, Aboriginality and other dimensions of inequality. They are a resource for all project teams. The GVP team has also prepared a template based on the MOHLTC Health Equity Impact Assessment tool and CIHR/Health Canada guidelines to help teams consider these dimensions in their analyses.
3. Knowledge translation and exchange
OPEN’s Knowledge translation and exchange team is evaluating the influence of pharmacist characteristics on the effectiveness of different knowledge translation and exchange strategies, and the research findings will guide the incorporation of sex, gender, and other dimensions of difference in the knowledge translation plan. This will result in gender- and sex-sensitive tools for pharmacists, such as advocacy tool kits that will result from the Pharmacists as immunizers project, and gender-specific pain assessment and management algorithms created by the Chronic pain management by rural and community pharmacists project.
2014 Canadian Pharmacists Conference • Saskatoon • May 31–Jun 3, 2014
- Developing and implementing more inclusive demographic survey questions (oral, abstract as PDF)
Chang F, Cook KM, Cooke M, McCarthy L, Sproule B, Waite N